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When your heart is not able to pump enough blood to supply much needed oxygen and nutrients to your body’s organs and tissues, the condition is known as heart failure.

In most people, heart failure is a chronic disease that has no cure. If you have been diagnosed with chronic heart failure, seeing your cardiologist will help you manage the effects of the disease.

What causes heart failure? What are signs that you have heart failure? Below are helpful information about heart failure and the role of your cardiologist in helping you treat or manage the disease.

The 3 Most Common Causes Of Heart Failure

The three most common causes of heart failure are coronary heart disease, cardiomyopathy and high blood pressure.

Coronary heart disease. As your cardiologist would explain, coronary heart disease occurs when the heart arteries narrow or get blocked. As a result, the flow of oxygenated blood to the heart is restricted, causing damage to the heart muscle. A heart attack occurs when the coronary artery is completely blocked.

Cardiomyopathy. A disease of the heart muscles, cardiomyopathy can be the result of coronary heart disease or due to a primary heart muscle disorder that can be genetic. Sometimes, the cause of cardiomyopathy can’t be found. This causes the heart muscle to weaken, leading to heart failure.

High blood pressure. Your cardiologist would recommend regularly monitoring your blood pressure. High blood pressure tends to make the heart work harder to pump blood, leading to heart failure.

Common Signs Of Heart Failure

Visiting your cardiologist will help you identify common signs of heart failure, which include:

  • Frequent coughing, especially when lying down
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness or fainting
  • Swollen feet (a sign of oedema)
  • Pain in the abdomen

If you have any of these symptoms, see your cardiologist immediately. He will confirm if indeed these are tell-tale signs you have heart failure. Your cardiologist might do a physical exam, review your medical history and request you to undergo imaging tests like electrocardiogram, echocardiogram (heart ultrasound scan), chest radiograph among others to confirm if you have heart failure.

Confirming with your cardiologist on whether or not you have a heart failure will enable your doctor to help you treat or manage the disease.

Your cardiologist would explain that treatment for heart failure usually includes switching to positive lifestyle and taking one’s medicines religiously. Reducing salt intake, taking 30-minute walks every day or doing your choice of physical activities will help you treat or manage this silent killer.

When heart failure is severe, the heart muscle may become damaged to the point that none of these treatments and interventions would work. Your cardiologist may recommend mechanical assist device or heart transplantation to help you manage your heart failure better.

See your cardiologist in Singapore for heart failure today and get a chance to heal, if not manage, your broken heart.